What is 3-Bet? An Ultimate Guide of When and How Much to 3-Bet
What is a 3-Bet?
When there is a raise followed by another raise, this is referred to as a 3-bet. Following raises are referred to as a 4-bet, 5-bet, and so on.
Assume another player raises preflop, giving you the choice of call, fold, or re-raise. If you opt to re-raise, this is referred to as a 3-bet, and you are the 3-bettor in the hand.
Three-bets are classified into two types:
The value 3-bet is the "classic" 3-bet and functions similarly to any other value bet. You feel you have the greatest hand and want to put more money into the pot while you're ahead.
When you re-raise a pre-flop raiser with a hand that isn't the best at the time but still has value for a number of reasons, you're making a "light" three-bet.
A light three-bet is considered a semi-bluff. Essentially, your initial goal is to win the pot right away. You want your opponent to fold in response to your re-raise.
Why Do We 3-Bet?
Many players start out 3-betting with only premium hands. We’re talking QQ+, maybe JJ and AK if they’re in an ambitious mood. Such a strategy is far too conservative.
If you only 3-bet JJ or better, you become easy to play against. Your opponents can confidently fold all but their strongest hands against your 3-bets, preventing you from extracting value with your monsters.
Including several non-premium hands in your 3-bet range makes you much more difficult to play against.
When you 3-bet after a weak player raises preflop, you force players behind to fold that may have played for a single raise. Additionally, it forces the weak player to decide they are likely unprepared for due to their lack of experience.
Unless the opener happens to hold a premium hand, they’re going to be up a creek without a paddle.
As more players enter the pot, the equity of your range decreases. A 3-bet will usually force some players out before the flop, making it more likely that you will win the hand.
Calling an open-raise gives you no chance to pick up the pot preflop, but 3-betting does.
What is a Good 3-Bet Percentage?
Strong, winning players do not 3-bet only their strongest hands. At the low stakes, a good 3-bet percentage will be around 5%–9%. Players can win aggressively with 3-bet percentages as high as 11%, however generally for beginners it is much easier to play with a tighter 3-bet range.
It is much easier to play against a player that 3-bets only 2%–3% of their hands compared to a player who 3-bets 6%–8% of their hands. When you are against the first player, you know that they probably only have JJ+ and you can therefore easily fold hands against their 3-bet range.
When and Where to 3-Bet Light?
You should 3-bet light when:
An optimum spot to 3-bet light is when a TAG from LP makes a raise when you are on the button or in the CO.
An important point to remember is that you do not want to 3-bet light against players who are either:
An 3-Bet Light Example
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